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What Is Hardness Of Water

The basic definition of water hardness is the amount of dissolved magnesium and calcium present in water.

Table Of Contents

1. How To Check Water Hardness?

Quick-In Home Testing

First, fill a transparent water bottle with 360 ml of tap water. Add ten drops of liquid soap into the bottle. Shake it vigorously and make sure that the soap is mixed with water properly. Observe the water; if the water has proper soap foam, then it is soft water.

Using Of Hardness Test Strips

Another common method for checking the hardness of water is through the hardness test strip. You can purchase it from any online store.

Here all you have to do is dip the water hardness test strip into the sample water and check for its color. If the color changes as per the guidelines that come with the strip, then it is hard water.

Using Water Hardness Test Kit

The best way to measure the hardness of water is through the hardness test kit. In this kit, there would be a bottle that needs to be filled with water up to a certain mark.

Then you would have to drop various kinds of chemicals into the water. Based on the hardness of the water, the color will change.

2. Difference Among Hard Water And Soft Water

The major difference between hard and soft water is mineral content. Hard water contains various minerals like lime, magnesium, and calcium. But soft water won’t contain such minerals.

Hard water tastes sweet and is often used for drinking purposes, while soft water is tasteless or bitter. Hard water causes damages to domestic and industrial appliances. It also damages clothes and your skin. But soft water is skin-friendly and won’t hard appliances and skin.

3. How To Remove Hardness Of Water

Ion-Exchange Water Softening

One of the best ways to convert hard water into soft water is the ion-exchange softening method. This method will convert the minerals like magnesium and calcium into sodium minerals.

Boiling Water

The temporary hardness of water can be removed by boiling it. In this process, you boil the water to remove the hardness.

Baking Soda Or Vinegar

Now baking soda is alkaline, and vinegar is acidic. Both of these substances can be used for turning hard water into soft water.

Pros And Cons


The taste of hard water is better than soft water.
Hard water is a good dietary supplement of both magnesium and calcium. So, the consumption of hard water is good for your bones and teeth.
Do you know that the right mixture of manganese and calcium reduces constipation? It can even help in removing the excess bile and fat present in the human body.


Washing clothes with hard water will produce white precipitate rather than a lather.
Hard water will stain your clothes. It can stain your glass, bath fittings, and even bathroom tiles.
If you wash your hair with hard water, it will make become rough and dry.

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